Prostate cancer awareness month- Do you know the signs?
September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month and the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia is asking Australia to get involved and help create awareness and raise much needed funds to help in the fight against prostate cancer.

Did you know that more men die of prostate cancer each year than women do of breast cancer! Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in Australia with 1 in 5 men at risk of developing prostate cancer in their lifetime and close to 3,300 deaths each year.

Right now, researchers are developing new, more accurate screening tests for prostate cancer.

Why? To address the alarming number of false negatives and false positives that arise with Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing, which is currently the primary screening test for prostate cancer worldwide. This critical new research will help combat aggressive cancer with more accurate diagnosis.

Find out more about prostate cancer research here


What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the prostate. These abnormal cells can continue to multiply in an uncontrolled way and sometimes spread outside the prostate into nearby or distant parts of the body.


What are the symptoms?

In the early stages, there may be no symptoms. In the later stages, some symptoms of prostate cancer might include:

  • Feeling the frequent or sudden need to urinate
  • Finding it difficult to urinate (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow)
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • Finding blood in urine or semen
  • Pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips.

These symptoms may not mean you have prostate cancer, but if you experience any of them, please see your doctor.


What are the risk factors?

  • Being over the age of 50
  • Having a family history of the disease
  • Having a family history of breast or ovarian cancer
  • A diet high in fats and low in fresh fruit and vegetables
  • High testosterone levels
  • Males of African descent are at higher risk
  • Obesity


Have you been checked lately?

The doctors at Providence Medical & Dental, Belmont recommend that men over age 50, or 40 with a family history of prostate cancer, should talk to their doctor about testing for prostate cancer as part of their annual health check-up.


How to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer?

There is no direct evidence that the following protective factors can stop prostate cancer from developing, but they can improve overall health and possibly reduce the risk of prostate cancer:

  • Diet: Eat meals that are nutritious. Refer to the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. What is good for the heart is good for the prostate.
  • Physical activity/exercise: There is some evidence to show that physical activity and regular exercise can be protective factors for cancer. Try to exercise at least 30 minutes of a day.

For many, prostate cancer is often curable if detected early particularly if the disease is confined to the prostate gland. It is therefore important that men with a family history of the disease or are over 50 years of age have regular check-ups with their GPs.

Don’t delay, get checked and book an appointment now, call 02 4989 1300 or book online at



Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia

Australian Prostate Cancer